BLUA's Project featured on Atelier Manferdini's Offical Website

BLUA's Project has been selected with honor by Atelier Manferdini in her research and post on her offical website. http://www.ateliermanferdini.com/

BLUA's Projects are selected for Spring 2009 SCI-ARC All School Summer Exhibition



Performative Morphologies/San Francisco Bus Station

Infrastructural Architecture
Performative Morphologies for San Francisco Transit Hubs
2GBX Studio/SCI-Arc Spring 2009
Location: San Franciso, CA
Design Team: Bin Lu, Joongsik Yang
Time: 2009.1-4
Instructor: Tom Wiscombe, Peter Testa, Elena Manferdini


Consistent with the Obama government's national transit and new technology initiatives, the main focus of our studio is finding the urban strategy considering infrastructure by scripting an parametric design with sustainable building technologies. We started with branching script and voronoi algorithm based on the main stream of the people coming to the bus station. We obtained our main design pattern implying people's flow from this main path. Based on the ALGAEtech works with direct sunlight, we applied them into our roof system and building façade so the result was the best synergy effect in both visual and technical terms. Harvesting algae for biofuels enhances transportation fuel production while mitigating CO2, clean the air around the bus station area.

为了贯彻美国奥巴马政府国家交通和新兴科技创新性,工作室主要专注于寻找城市决策,考虑基础设施用参数化的设计以及可持续建筑技术结合完成。我们开始于分支程序与voronoi 算法,基于来自汽车站的主要人流。我们得到主要设计图案预示了主要的人的流动路径。基于海藻科技需要直接的自然光照运行的原理,我们将他们运用在我们的屋顶系统以及建筑立面中,这样最终的结果是同时视觉上与技术上最好的协同效果。收获的海藻给生物燃料扩张了交通燃料产品,同时减轻二氧化碳,净化汽车站周围的环境。

Our site has a level difference about 24meters, so we tried to divide the terminal with the local bus bay area and greyhound terminal. The 1st floor is used for loading space for public from taxi and parking space for the bikes, 2nd floor is bay area for local buses and 3rd floor is for the greyhound bus. The local bus can enter into terminal from Beale Street and it can go through 2nd floor and exit through Harrison Street. Greyhound bus comes from highway and goes directly into the greyhound terminal at third floor and it exits out to the Beale Street through the connective ramp. For structural solution, we designed the star shape structure by dividing steel pipes and assembling the segments again inversely. And this way, the star structure allowed algae tubes to be combined and fixed well into the main structure.


Global warming, depletion of non-renewable resources and intensifying crisis and wars over fuel, are an instigator for finding new forms of sustainable energy. Algae is the most efficient way (30times more energy per acre than other second- generation biofuel crops) to manufacture biofuel. There are a variety of ways to transform algae into oil. One of these systems uses algae tubes as atmospheric potentials for an architectural façade. So far, this technology has not been used in a building system. In our bus station project, ALGAEtech recycles carbon dioxide from the bus engines to produce biofuels, hydrogen and oxygen. This reduces net carbon dioxide production as waste becomes profit.



Beam Installation

Advanced Tectonics: A.K.A The 'Beam Class'
Reflective Assemblies/Materials to System
2GAX Applied Studies Seminar/SCI-Arc Fall 2008
Location: Los angeles, CA
Time: 2008.9-12
Design Team: Bin Lu, Michael Young, Chris Day, Jairo Vives, Andrew King, Dulrye Mhin, Gulcin Becerik
Instructor: Tom Wiscombe, Matt Melnyk

ADVANCED TECTONICS: A . K . A The ‘Beam Class’

Using scripted geometry as a starting point we initially wanted to create a beam in tension and use a chemical fixant so that when inverted, the beam could act against compression. Failed prototypes using resin led to a process of aggregation, where the testing of models led to an additive process. Much like a spider spins its web, we added members where weaknesses could be physically felt in the model. Both physical and three-dimensional proto-types were evolved in tandem to produce a lattice like beam, which under a point load would overcome shear, compressive and tensile forces. Using photographs as an analytical device, we could monitor the changes and the pattern in which the members would act. We devised a series of members throughout each preliminary model – primary and secondary (thick and thin steel members), in some cases tertiary (steel plate) cataloguing the use of each in terms of economy, scale and structural performance. This created a highly ordered arrangement albeit with the same random aesthetic as the initial scripted studies.

Throughout the design process we were conscious that the beam should although be highly functional – have an undercurrent of form as a driver. We became interested in the way highly articulated spans, angled members for example, and clusters of smaller ones could give the beam a sense of movement and contradictingthe notion that a beam should be something structurally massive and largely unseen.


A Sense of Order: Geometrical tessellations


No cultural practice is more indebted to a technical apparatus than architecture to geometry of representation. Software technology has affected design in a considerable way. Its geometric implications and process consistency has yield the way of a new set of parameters for design. Therefore it is important to acknowledge the relevance of the development and evolution of the different phases of the design process within this new set of techniques. Delineation and Dynamic systems is critical learning process of techniques that can produce a different way of thinking.


The works critically participate on the current debate about the state of technology for the production of architecture, and question the ideological and formal implications of various digital representational modes. Besides having a tied agenda in terms of its assignments, one of the ultimate aspirations of this is to become a dynamic testing ground for the emergence of new ideas and techniques that could be actively brought and actualized into the design projects.


The work explore new possibilities of communications, breaking with the linear process for a new model, dynamic, of multiple entries, which allows to read ideas but also to be the ideas at the same time.


We used as a point of departure for our investigation the search for interlocking forms and cellular aggregations. The task chosen for my team was the invention of an original geometrical mutation interlocking system and the understanding of this system in architectural terms (modules, panels, cladding…etc). We handled an integrated digital process of design and fabrication: we designed, modeled, represent, animated, and fabricated their interlocking system transitioning from digital description to physical manufacturing.


Software technology has affected design in a considerable way. Its geometric implications and process consistency has yield the way of a new set of parameters for design. Therefore it is important to acknowledge the relevance of the development and evolution of the different phases of the design process within this new set of techniques. As part of the Visual Studies sequence at SCI-ARC the course “Delineation and Dynamic Systems: static expression of dynamic processes” is an exercise on techniques that can produce a different way of thinking. The work focused on the development of procedural and parametric forms, geometrical tessellation, laser cutting, 3D printing and CNC milling.

A Sense of Order: geometrical tessellations
Delineation and Dynamic Systems: static expression of dynamic processes
2GAX Visual Studies/ SCI-Arc Fall 2008
Location: Los angeles, CA
Design Team: Bin Lu, Jiexia Xu
Instructor: Elena Manferdini

Adsolute Matter:Dwelling on Intensity/The Bi-Polar House,Venice Beach,Santa Monica

Base on our case study researched, we want to argue if it is possible to make a courtyard space into the Mobuis loop, is it interesting? How to catch the people’s body movement though one day life with the loop? Also, we are really interested in designing the linear against with the shell, make them very differently, make the poche not become a dark space, but also a interesting space. We choose Chinese architect as our client type. The courtyard becomes really important in our project is not only it is for a Chinese, but also we want to compare with Mobuis house and find the difference of the relationship between the project and the environment. Mobuis house is more about dealing with the landscape and the forest around itself. We want to bring the nature inside of the house. The building’s circulation is a loop way but also have separate working and living zone. Follow the continuity movement there are always have the break space that is similar as the bay window but give the new function for the house. The linear stretches out through the shell. Where is an aperture the linear go out. The linear totally different from the shell. When the linear and shell meets in the aperture, the linear go its own way and thickness out of the shell and disapp-ear in the another direction to meet the shell. Here can put the light to change the inside environment.
Adsolute Matter: Dwelling on Intensity
MEMO 3.0_Program: the Bi-Polar house
2GAX Studio/ SCI-Arc Fall 2008
Location: Venice beach, Santa Monica, CA
Design Team: Bin Lu, Jiexia Xu
Instructor: Ramiro DiazGranados, Florencia Pita, Marcelo Spina

Plinth as Geo-Active Ground

This template challenges the assumed surficial reading of the ground as stable receoter and reinvestigates the plinth as an effective medium. In this case the plinth is to be conceived as a thickened mass of geo-tectonic matter where surface distributes landscape features, infrastructure, circulation, and reconsiders the problems of sidedness (front, back, side), and ground stability.Floating Loop